Panel Discussion II and general debate on Quality and Reflection in Culture and Media
Magda Carneci (Romania)
– Media, moderator
Laura Freixas (Spain) – Literature
Lordkipanidze (Georgia) – Archaeology
Sjon (Iceland) – Literature
Mustafic (Bosnia & Herzegovina) – Film
Janis Garancs (Latvia) – New
Steve Miller (UK) – Visual Arts
Magda Carneci (Romania)
Right now there is a huge change
going on regarding quality. It is not easy to find a consensus about quality
since it is a big subject with many different points of view.
has to do with important needs of individual. It has to do with consensus around
values, what transcends and makes the human begin evolve and progress.”
Laura Freixas (Spain)
Laura Freixas founded “Gendering
quality in culture” and points out that since quality is about diversity, there
has to be gender diversity. Research about Spanish films has shown that men and
women, in the role of the filmmaker, treat violence differently.
David Lordkipanidze (Georgia)
To find indicators of
quality is not easy. It is easier in science. But to prove the quality in
science to the audience is not as easy since science isn’t that accessible. But
there could be a solution. David explains: “If we will be able to dialogue high
quality science using our research tools and art, this could be the key to have
clear links with media and prove the Excellency of quality.”
2008 Iceland faced an economical
collapse, which changed the way artists are looked upon. The general consensus
is that the media failed so there was suddenly a strong demand on artists to
analyse and deal with the current situation. This shows that in Iceland there is
a great confidence in an artist with the art of bringing the truth. Sjon
continued: “One of the big problems today is that artists and cultural people
don’t draw a strict line between art and entertainment.”
Dino Mustafic (Bosnia & Herzegovina)
problems started 20 years ago and today the war continues but on other levels.
One of its victims today is culture. Bosnia has existed since 1084 AC and has
been a land with different people from different cultures. Art and culture has
an ability to connect people and this is showing effects in Bosnia. But both the
quantity and quality of culture is declining in Bosnia since the government is
cutting the budget for the culture institutions.
Janis Garancs (Latvia)
Janis is involved in initiatives
that are trying to build a bridge between art and people through visual art. He
describes a future scenario where people have digital chips in their bodies, and
by switching chips they can exchange experiences.
Some think that “true
arts” only can happen in stable media, while to others, it’s the opposite. “Some
artists have no interest in riding the wave and prefer to work in stable media,
where they can concentrate quietly on what they wish to express.”
Steve Miller (UK)
Quality is a matter of intellect and
finance, since financial barriers stand in the way for people to experience high
quality. In these terms there are museums focusing on high quality exhibitions.
Quality needs to be accessible.
Comments from the audience after the panel
“Cultural people must be doing more to provide the groundwork that makes
culture float – education!” – Fredrik Delouche
“Shouldn’t we go back to teaching children what to hear, and to smell, how to
read and write? We are at a turning point where many children are no longer
capable of doing all these things. The only meaning of education is to find a
job – it is not to be educated for the sake of education.” – Henniger
In the discussion, the following conclusions were drawn:
-Quality is about diversity - Gender diversity has a
great role in quality
-Quality has something to do with making people
conscious of their field - With consciousness comes knowledge,
which automatically increases quality.
-Small countries like
Iceland may help us to come over our complex about
-Art and culture bring people
-Visual arts can build a bridge between
art and people.
-Quality has the ability to be
recognised by people.
Miran Mohar (Slovenia), Eugene Asse (Russia)
Resolution on “The forbidden art” – censorship in Russia.
A resolution was presented and adopted protesting against the court
proceedings against two leading personalities in the Russian world of
Arts - Yury Samodurov, the former director of the Sakharov Museum in
Moscow, and Andrey Erofeev, former curator at the State Tretyakov Gallery, who
are both facing serious and unfounded charges of “inciting religious and ethnic
hatred” through the organization of a “Forbidden Art” exhibit in
The ECP Resolution calls on the prosecutor’s office to drop the
charges against the two Museum directors.
Dino Mustafic (Bosnia & Herzegovina)
Resolution in support of cultural institutions and the arts community of
Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The European Cultural Parliament is appealing to the government of Bosnia and
Herzegovina to fulfil the responsibilities entrusted to them by its citizens
and, in accordance with European cultural standards, to support and finance the
preservation of cultural historical heritage and cultural institutions, which
are of vital importance to the people of the country.
the full resolution
New ECP-Members on the theme of the
Jean-Marc Dreyfus (France) – History
The killing of six
million Jews is not a topic that is linked to culture, but it is the only memory
the whole of Europe has in common. The banality of many portrays of holocaust is
a great concern and the populist culture tries to solve this by predigesting it,
through, say, Hollywood.
“There is an issue to find the relation between
culture and holocaust.”, Jean-Marc concludes.
Nicoleta Esinencu (Moldavia) – Literature
tasters of her work as a playwright. She studied theater science and scenography
and later worked as a dramatist at the Eugène Ionesco Theater. Her play “FUCK
YOU, Eu.ro.Pa!” triggered violent political debates in Romania and the Republic
of Moldova and won the Dramacum Award.
Ana Žuvela Bušnja (Croatia) – Cultural
Research Fellow at the Institute for International
Relations (IMO), Zagreb, Croatia. Her research interests include cultural
transition and development, cultural management and development of cultural
policies and strategies, cultural democracy and interconnections between
standing cultural policies and the arts. She is also active in operational and
fundraising acitivites of the Culturelink Network.
Catharina Thörn (Sweden) – Urban sociology
All over the
world cities enhance their city centres, regenerating neighbourhoods better
fitted for to the marketing strategies. In this development culture is
strategically used to create smooth and cool environments for the creative class
to enjoy themselves. Based on three examples (in Gothenburgh, Hamburg and
Berlin) it is argued that when culture is reduced to being a necessary component
in economy growth we loose something vital. That is culture as a breeding ground
for imagination and the ability of finding other solutions, explanations and
Nikola Matisic (Sweden) – Opera
Sweden it is up to the artist to make sure the quality is good, since the
audience doesn’t have the interest or knowledge to see good quality, nor does
the producer in many cases. The young people have not learned how to listen.
Opera as an art form has changed, both for the artists and the audience. It is
considered to be entertainment for the rich, even though it costs as much as a
football ticket. When art is being discussed in the Swedish government the issue
of quality is often excluded. What the society needs is a communication between
artist and public to ensure quality in arts.
the full speech
Lars Montag (Germany) – Film
Terrorists have attacked
Bluewater, California! It turned out it were three German rappers who faked it.
The German news agency DPA wanted hard penalties. Did you believe it? It was all
staged news that was fed to the German media and swallowed immediately. Lars
Montag wanted to see how the fast-news-hysteria of today affects the quality
work of a journalist. He faked an entire city and hired actors for the
“interviews”. The project cost less than 1000 euro but proved something worth
hundreds of thousands of Euro. Media, even so called ‘quality media’ has lost a
lot of their credibility in times of internet.
Mats Rosengren (Sweden) – Philosophy/Rhetoric
of rhetoric in an intervention on quality and reflection:
From the very
start, Plato tried to define what real knowledge is and the distinction between
opinions and eternal knowledge. Pythagaros stated that man is the measure of all
things. What then is the quality of knowledge? We have to redefine Platos
Doxology – a rhetorical approach to
Professor Rosengren has been working on developing an
‘other’ take on epistemology. He has chosen to call his epistemic stance
doxological in order to emphasise that all knowledge is doxic knowledge, thus
turning the seminal Platonic distinction between doxa (beliefs, opinions) and
episteme (objective, eternal knowledge) upside down.
Workshop- NUROPE/ Gothenburg
& Business- Culture as Growth factor”
Pierre Guillet de Monthoux
In this workshop NUROPE (Nomadic University for Art, Philosophy and
Enterprise in Europe) was introduced. Its goal is to contribute to the
cultivation of the complex formation of identities in a changing transnational
Europe where art and culture function as resources both for growth and for
identity constructions in open communities. It offers both post graduate
students, researchers and leaders within culture and economy a platform to
develop and reflect on questions concerning the synergies between art and
economy from a global European perspective.
Also a multidisciplinary
academic course for European postgraduate students is offered. This is
guaranteed by documenting every oasis by a series of research reports,
publications and media productions for comparative and cumulative learning and
research initiation on European leadership.
Through sharing experiences
and developing creative models for education and research in social and cultural
as well as economic entrepreneurship the transfer of NUROPE’s goal into action
can be ensured.
In this discussion the following point was highlighted and discussed:
Cultural identity is used as a convenience tool to increase tourism and boost
economical strength. The positive aspect of culture; becomes a negative burden
through its misuse and a “Trojan Horse” which will eventually destroy the roots
of Gothenburg”, Theatre Performance, followed by reception and discussion with
ECP Member Mattias Andersson, Stage Director, and the actors.
Backa Theatre is a part of Göteborg City Theatre. The group was formed in
1978 with Eva Bergman, director, and Ulf Dohlsten, actor, as artistic directors.
Alexander Öberg, director, was the artistic leader for Backa Theatre 2000-2006.
The playwright and director Mattias Andersson is the artistic director for the
The performances at Backa Theatre prove that theatre for children and young
people can be renewing, daring, vital and creative. And therefore attractive for
all ages. In 1997 Backa Theatre was as the first theatre promoted National stage
for children’s theatre for three years by the Swedish government. The group has
also been invited to several festivals all over the world.